Document Detail

Risk factors for early degeneration of allografts in pulmonary circulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9030791     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define risk factors for early degeneration of allografts in pulmonary circulation and to recommend some guidelines to minimize them. METHODS: Between January 1988 and March 1995, 202 patients with various types of congenital heart disease received cryopreserved allograft conduits for reconstruction of their right ventricular outflow tract. We report on 63 patients receiving allografts ranging from 9-24 mm size within the first 2 years of life. RESULTS: Survivors have been followed for 4-67 months. Survival at 5 years, including hospital mortality, was 66%. Two patients died at reoperation. Of the patients 19.6% (9/46) had early structural deterioration (SD) of their vascular allografts at a mean of 15.2 months after implantation. Seven of these have already been reoperated with allograft exchange. Freedom of reoperation was 66% at 5 years. Infants showed 48% freedom of reoperation at 5 years compared to 90% in the 1-2 years age group, while freedom of SD was 59% in infants at 48 months compared to 87% in the 1-2 years age group. Of allografts with SD in the infant group 66% had an allograft size of < 14 mm. In aortic allografts freedom of SD was 62% compared to 93% in pulmonary allografts. Freedom of allograft wall calcification was 46% at 18 months in all patients. In the statistical analysis, only infant age (P = 0.03) and aortic allograft (P = 0.02) were shown to be significant risk factors for early SD. CONCLUSION: The use of pulmonary allografts, avoidance of relatively short and small conduits of < 14 mm in diameter, might improve the durability of allografts in infants and small children.
K Schorn; A C Yankah; V Alexi-Meskhishvili; Y Weng; P E Lange; R Hetzer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1010-7940     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  1997 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-07     Completed Date:  1997-05-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  62-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
German Heart Institute Berlin.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
Cause of Death
Child, Preschool
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Defects, Congenital / mortality,  surgery*
Hemodynamics / physiology
Lung / blood supply*
Postoperative Complications / etiology*,  mortality,  surgery
Prosthesis Design
Prosthesis Failure
Pulmonary Circulation / physiology
Survival Rate
Ventricular Outflow Obstruction / mortality,  surgery*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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