Document Detail

Risk factors and complications of acute ischaemic stroke patients at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (HUKM).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15190624     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In Malaysia, there is limited information on the mortality and morbidity after an acute stroke in hospitalised patients. The objective of the study was to identify the type, time of onset, and frequency of medical and neurological complications following an acute ischaemic stroke. Consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke who were admitted to Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia from June 2000 to January 2001 were observed. The complication rate was 20.9%. The most common individual complication was pneumonia (12.3%), followed by septicaemia (11.0%), urinary tract infection (4.3%), and upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage (3.7%). The overall mean length of stay was 7.48 days. The independent risk factors for complications were diabetes mellitus (OR 2.87; 95%CI 1.06 to 7.78), middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarcts (OR 10.0; 95%CI 4.1 to 24.3), and Glasgow coma score (GCS) less than 9(OR 3.8; 95%CI 1.03 to 14.3). Infection was the commonest complication observed. Patients with diabetes mellitus, poor GCS and large MCA infarcts had a higher risk of developing complications.
B B Hamidon; A A Raymond
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Medical journal of Malaysia     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0300-5283     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. J. Malaysia     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-11     Completed Date:  2004-07-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0361547     Medline TA:  Med J Malaysia     Country:  Malaysia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  499-505     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Chi-Square Distribution
Hospitals, University
Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Stroke / complications*

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