Document Detail

Risk factors and clinical features of craniocervical arterial dissection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21256072     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Craniocervical arterial dissection is one of the most common causes of ischaemic stroke in young people and is occasionally associated with neck manipulation. Identification of individuals at risk will guide risk management. Early recognition of dissection in progress will expedite medical intervention. Study aims were to identify risk factors and presenting features of craniocervical arterial dissection. Medical records of patients from the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia aged ≤55 years with radiographically confirmed or suspected vertebral or internal carotid artery dissection, were retrospectively compared with matched controls with stroke from some other cause. Records were inspected for details of clinical features, presenting signs and symptoms and preceding events. Records of 47 dissection patients (27 males, mean age 37.6 years) and 43 controls (22 males, mean age 42.6 years) were inspected. Thirty (64%) dissection patients but only three (7%) controls reported an episode of mild mechanical trauma, including manual therapy, to the cervical spine within the preceding three weeks. Mild mechanical trauma to the head and neck was significantly associated with craniocervical arterial dissection (OR 23.53). Cardiovascular risk factors for stroke were less evident in the dissection group (<1 factor per case) compared to the controls (>3).
Lucy C Thomas; Darren A Rivett; John R Attia; Mark Parsons; Christopher Levi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Manual therapy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2769     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610924     Medline TA:  Man Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Discipline of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan 2308, NSW, Australia.
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