Document Detail

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease ten years after preeclampsia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20512274     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is a gestational disease that occurs mainly among nulliparous women after the 20th week of gestation, and frequently close to delivery. The effects of preeclampsia on women's blood pressure over the long term are still controversial. Patients with recurrent preeclampsia or preeclampsia in the early stages of pregnancy appear to present higher risk of hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for cardiovascular disease among women with preeclampsia 10 years earlier.
DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA).
METHODS: Forty women with preeclampsia and 14 normotensive pregnant women followed up 10 or more years earlier at HCPA underwent clinical and laboratory examinations. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to correlate body mass index (BMI) and systolic and diastolic pressures. The risk of developing hypertension was measured using the chi-square test. P < 0.05 was considered significant.
RESULTS: The patients with preeclampsia 10 or more years earlier had significantly higher diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.047), BMI (P = 0.019) and abdominal circumference (P = 0.026). They presented positive correlations between BMI and diastolic blood pressure (0.341; P = 0.031) and between BMI and systolic blood pressure (0.407; P = 0.009).
CONCLUSION: The patients with preeclampsia 10 or more years earlier had significantly higher diastolic blood pressure, BMI and abdominal circumference than did the control group. This emphasizes the importance of long-term follow-up assessment for cardiovascular risk factors among patients with preeclampsia.
Ivete Cristina Teixeira Canti; Márcia Komlós; Sérgio Hofmeister Martins-Costa; José Geraldo Lopes Ramos; Edison Capp; Helena von Eye Corleta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina     Volume:  128     ISSN:  1806-9460     ISO Abbreviation:  Sao Paulo Med J     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-31     Completed Date:  2010-12-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897261     Medline TA:  Sao Paulo Med J     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  10-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Medical Sciences program, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hypertension / etiology
Middle Aged
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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