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Risk factors for cardiovascular disease are increased in young adults treated with stem cell transplantation during childhood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22471896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Frisk P, Arvidson J, Larsson M, Naessén T. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease are increased in young adults treated with stem cell transplantation during childhood. Abstract:  We measured risk factors for CVD in 18 patients at a median of 18.2 yr after SCT and in sex and age-matched controls. Three patients (17%), but none of the controls, met the criteria for the MetS (p = 0.25). In the patients, we found higher levels of triglycerides (0.94 vs. 0.62 mm, p = 0.019), total cholesterol (5.1 vs. 4.0 mm, p = 0.017), LDL (3.4 vs. 2.6 mm, p = 0.019), apolipoprotein B (1.04 vs. 0.74 g/L, p = 0.004), apolipoprotein B/A1 ratio (0.7 vs. 0.5, p = 0.026), and lower levels of adiponectin (4.9 vs. 7.5 mg/L, p = 0.008) than in the controls. The patients had a lower GHmax (9 vs. 20.7 mU/L, p = 0.002). GHmax was significantly correlated inversely with triglycerides (r = -0.64, p = 0.008), total cholesterol (r = -0.61, p = 0.011), apolipoprotein B (r = -0.60, p = 0.014), and apolipoprotein B/A1 ratio (r = -0.66, p = 0.005). We recorded a significantly thicker carotid intima layer among the patients than among matched controls (0.15 vs. 0.13 mm, p = 0.034). The level of adiponectin correlated inversely with carotid intima thickness (r = -0.55, p = 0.023). After SCT in childhood, long-term survivors may be at risk of developing premature CVD.
Authors:
Per Frisk; Johan Arvidson; Marita Larsson; Tord Naessén
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric transplantation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1399-3046     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9802574     Medline TA:  Pediatr Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
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