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Risk factors associated with poor controlled pediatric asthma in a university hospital.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24053709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Many studies in adults had identified factors associated with partly or uncontrolled asthma. In children, factors related to asthma control were not well defined.
OBJECTIVE: To find the factors related to partly or uncontrolled asthma in children.
METHODS: Asthmatic children who had severity at least in the mild persistent level, were recruited. The asthma control levels were classified as controlled, partly controlled and uncontrolled according to the GINA guideline. Risk factors were compared between the patients with controlled and partly controlled/ uncontrolled asthma groups.
RESULTS: One hundred and ten patients (42.7% females) were included. The mean age was 10.3 ± 2.7 years old. There were 55 patients (50%) in the controlled, 54 patients(49.1%) in partly controlled and 1 patient (0.9%) in uncontrolled asthma group. For asthma severity, 97 patients (88.2%) were in mild persistent, 11 patients (10%) in moderate persistent and 2 patients (1.8%) in severe persistent groups. The risk factors for partly controlled/ uncontrolled asthma compared to controlled asthma were moderate/ severe persistent asthma (adjusted OR 18.87 (95% CI 1.92 - 200.00)) and sinusitis (p = 0.04). Using the air conditioner decreased risk of partly controlled/uncontrolled asthma (adjusted OR 0.30 (95% CI 0.10 - 0.91)). The proportion of patients who used medium dose inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) plus long-acting inhaled β2-agonist (LABA) were significantly higher in partly controlled/ uncontrolled asthma than controlled asthma (p = 0.004).
CONCLUSION: Risk factors associated with partly controlled/ uncontrolled asthma were moderate/ severe persistent asthma and sinusitis. Using air conditioner seemed to reduce risk of partly controlled/ uncontrolled asthma.
Ratchadaporn Papwijitsil; Punchama Pacharn; Nichanun Areegarnlert; Jittima Veskitkul; Nualanong Visitsunthorn; Pakit Vichyanond; Orathai Jirapongsananuruk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0125-877X     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-09-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8402034     Medline TA:  Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol     Country:  Thailand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
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