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Risk factors associated with outcomes of very low birthweight infants in four Asian countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23282105     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: The study aims to determine the risk factors associated with mortality and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) among very low birthweight infants in 95 neonatal intensive care units in the Asian Network on Maternal and Newborn Health. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using an international collaborative database of 17 595 very low birthweight infants admitted within 28 days of birth between 2003 and 2006 in four Asian countries. Information on the mortality and morbidity of neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care units was recorded. Factors associated with the death and diseases of infants were estimated using multilevel multivariate logistic regression. Random effects were included to account for the clustering of the observations. RESULTS: Overall discharge mortality was 15% and it was significantly different by countries and units. The mortality rate was found to be significantly higher in neonates with pulmonary haemorrhage (odds ratio 1.83, 95% confidence interval 1.63-2.04) and air leak syndrome (odds ratio 1.51, 95% confidence interval 1.30-1.72). The incidence of NEC was 4.3% and was strongly associated with other morbidities. Multivariate logistic regression showed that patent ductus arteriosus was the most significant risk factor associated with NEC. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis has highlighted the great potential that multi-country, collaborative datasets have in terms of epidemiologic research when it comes to identifying issues in perinatal health that are common throughout Asia, and in relation to particular issues pertaining to specific countries and neonatal units. Establishing collaborative networks, conducting analyses of common datasets and further epidemiologic research are now essential measures to improve newborn health in Asia.
Authors:
Windy Mariane Virenia Wariki; Rintaro Mori; Nem-Yun Boo; Irene Guat Sim Cheah; Masanori Fujimura; Jiun Lee; Kar Yin Wong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  J Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  9-12     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2012 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
Affiliation:
Research Center of Manado State University, Tondano, Indonesia; Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku.
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