Document Detail

Risk factors associated with malaria deaths in travellers: A literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25022610     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Malaria is the most frequently imported acute, life-treating, tropical disease in international travellers. We did a literature review in PubMed using pre-defined search terms to identify possible risk factors for malaria deaths in travellers. After screening, a total of 51 papers were selected for inclusion and were intensively scrutinised for details of "case fatality rates" and risk factors for fatal malaria associated with travel. The main risk factors were: non-use or inappropriate use of chemoprophylaxis, age, delay in seeking care, incorrect treatment, delay in diagnosis, infection with Plasmodium falciparum, non-immunity, travelling as a tourist and sex. The "case fatality rate" in most of the studies lay in the range 0.2%-3%. Possible reasons for this case fatality rate variation are: small case series, different populations included in the studies with different physiological and social determinants, including different species of malaria parasite and different traveller destinations in the case series.
Beda Lüthi; Patricia Schlagenhauf
Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-6-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Travel medicine and infectious disease     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-0442     ISO Abbreviation:  Travel Med Infect Dis     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101230758     Medline TA:  Travel Med Infect Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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