Document Detail


Risk factors associated with the incidence of foal mortality in an extensively managed mare herd.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8640655     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of neonatal mortality in a large, extensively managed mare herd and what risk factors were involved in foal mortality. For a 6 wk period between April 18, 1994, and May 31, 1994, 334 foals were born, of which 74 died before reaching 10 d of age, giving an overall mortality of 22% for this period. Seventy four percent of the foal deaths occurred within 48 h of parturition. The major causes of foal mortality included starvation/exposure 27%, septicemia 26%, and dystocia 20%. Weekly incidences varied significantly, ranging from 67% for week 1 to 14% for week 5 (P < 0.01). Other risk factors that were associated with foal death included failure of passive transfer (P < 0.0001), poor mothering ability (P < 0.0001), the presence of dystocia (P < 0.0001), low birth weight (p < 0.05), lack of rainfall (P < 0.01), and low temperatures (P < 0.1). The effect of sire, mare age, mare body condition, and foal sex were not significant risk factors for foal survival (P > 0.1). Further studies are required to determine if changing management procedures will be effective in reducing the incidence of neonatal foal mortality in this extensively managed herd.
Authors:
S D Haas; F Bristol; C E Card
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian veterinary journal. La revue vétérinaire canadienne     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0008-5286     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. Vet. J.     Publication Date:  1996 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-07-16     Completed Date:  1996-07-16     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0004653     Medline TA:  Can Vet J     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  91-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Herd Medicine and Theriogenology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Husbandry*
Animals
Animals, Newborn*
Cause of Death
Female
Horse Diseases / mortality*
Horses
Incidence
Male
Manitoba / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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