Document Detail


Risk factors associated with colostrum quality in Norwegian dairy cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18218758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate colostrum quality in Norwegian dairy cows based on IgG content, and to identify associations between possible risk factors and low colostral IgG. A longitudinal cross-sectional survey on calf health in Norway was performed between June 2004 and December 2006. The participating dairy herds were randomly selected among herds registered in the Norwegian Dairy Herd Recording System as having at least 15 cow years. The participating farmers were requested to sample 10 mL of colostrum from the first milking after calving from 12 cows that had calved during the defined project period of 365 d. Colostrum samples from 1,250 cows from 119 herds were collected. The material consisted of 451, 337, 213, and 249 samples collected from cows in their first, second, third, and fourth parity or more, respectively. Analysis was performed on IgG content by using single radial immunodiffusion. Mixed models with herd as a cluster were fit by using grams of IgG per liter of colostrum as the dependent variable for the statistical analyses. The IgG content in the colostrum sampled ranged from 4 to 235 g/L, with a median of 45.0 g of IgG/L, with the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentiles being 23.1, 31.4, 63.6, and 91.6 g of IgG/L, respectively. Altogether, 57.8% of the samples contained less than the desired 50 g of IgG/L of colostrum. Cows in their fourth parity or more were found to have significantly higher levels of IgG per liter of colostrum than cows in their first or second parity. Colostrum from cows in their second parity had the lowest level of IgG. Cows calving during the winter months (December, January, and February) produced colostrum with a significantly lower IgG content compared with cows calving in any other season of the year. Somatic cell count, measured after calving, was significantly higher in cows producing colostrum of inferior quality compared with those producing high-quality colostrum. Of the total variation in colostrum quality, 13.7% could be explained by cluster effects within herd. The variation in IgG content in colostrum produced by Norwegian dairy cows indicates a need for improved colostrum quality control and subsequent adjustment of the colostrum feeding regimen to ensure a protective immunological status for newborn calves.
Authors:
S M Gulliksen; K I Lie; L Sølverød; O Østerås
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  91     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-25     Completed Date:  2008-02-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  704-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway. stine.gulliksen@veths.no
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Cattle / immunology*
Cell Count / veterinary
Cluster Analysis
Colostrum / immunology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Immunodiffusion / veterinary
Immunoglobulin G / immunology*
Longitudinal Studies
Norway
Parity / immunology
Pregnancy
Seasons
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Immunoglobulin G

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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