Document Detail

Risk factors associated with antepartum fetal death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1592004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined risk factors that contribute to antepartum fetal death. The population-based sample included 416 antepartum fetal deaths and 449 normal births as controls, from 29 hospitals in Shanghai, China. In addition to small-for-gestational-age and severe pregnancy-induced hypertension, exposure to environmental hazards (radiation, chemicals and pesticides) was significantly associated with fetal death. Elevated relative risk of fetal death was also found in pregnant women whose husbands smoked (adjusted odds ratio = 1.4). Clinicopathologic evidence further confirmed that exposure to hazards, especially in the first trimester, increased the risks of congenital anomalies (odds ratio = 2.7) and antepartum fetal death from congenital malformations (odds ratio = 3.5). This study also showed that threatened abortion was a significant predictor of risk of fetal death. No significant relationships were identified between sex of fetus, mild or moderate pregnancy-induced hypertension, maternal anemia and antepartum fetal death.
J Zhang; W W Cai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0378-3782     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:    1992 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-07-02     Completed Date:  1992-07-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  193-200     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Maternal and Child Health, Shanghai Medical University, P.R. China.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Threatened / complications
Case-Control Studies
Congenital Abnormalities
Fetal Death / epidemiology*,  etiology
Fetal Growth Retardation / complications
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors

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