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Risk of acute postoperative hypertension after topical photodynamic therapy for non-melanoma skin cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23458390     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Topical photodynamic therapy with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL-PDT) is a non-surgical treatment for actinic keratoses, Bowen's disease and basal cell carcinoma. MAL-PDT is particularly useful in elderly patients, who often present co-morbidities and/or in whom surgical excision could be contraindicated. MAL-PDT is generally well tolerated; the most frequent acute adverse events include pain and burning sensation localized to the treatment area. We describe our observation of the occurrence of acute postoperative hypertension (APH) and hypertensive crisis, after a MAL-PDT.
METHODS: BP measurement was taken twice at 2-min intervals, both before and shortly after the MAL-PDT session. APH was defined as an increase in systolic BP by more than 20% or an increase in diastolic BP to above 110 mmHg. Hypertensive crisis was defined as a systolic BP ≥ 180 mmHg or a diastolic BP ≥ 110 mmHg, with or without acute target organ involvement.
RESULTS: Prevalence of post-MAL-PDT APH was 22%; 11% of patients developed hypertensive crisis after MAL-PDT, requiring immediate treatment.
CONCLUSION: We highlight the importance of blood pressure measurement both before and after MAL-PDT session to identify high-risk patients and to prevent potentially severe organ involvement subsequent to hypertensive crisis.
Authors:
Riccardo G Borroni; Andrea Carugno; Nicolò Rivetti; Eloisa Arbustini; Valeria Brazzelli
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Photodermatology, photoimmunology & photomedicine     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1600-0781     ISO Abbreviation:  Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9013641     Medline TA:  Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  73-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory and Institute of Dermatology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy.
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