Document Detail


Risk factors and health profiles of recent migrant women who experienced violence associated with pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22900928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Violence associated with pregnancy is a major public health concern, but little is known about it in recent migrant women. This study looked at (1) risk factors for violence associated with pregnancy among newly arrived migrant women in Canada and (2) if those who experienced violence associated with pregnancy had a different health profile or use of healthcare services for themselves or their infants during pregnancy and up to 4 months postpartum compared to other childbearing migrant women.
METHODS: Pregnant migrant women in Canada <5 years were recruited in 12 hospitals in 3 large cities between 2006 and 2009 and followed to 4 months postpartum. Data were collected on maternal background, migration history, violence associated with pregnancy, maternal and infant physical and mental health, and services used.
RESULTS: Of a total of 774 pregnant migrant women, 59 (7.6%) women reported violence associated with pregnancy. Migrant women who experienced violence, compared to those who did not, were at increased risk of violence if they lived without a partner, were asylum seekers, migrated <2 years ago, or had less than high school education. Women who reported violence were less likely to have up-to-date vaccinations, take folic acid before pregnancy, more likely to commence prenatal care after 3 months gestation and to not use contraceptives after birth. They were also more likely to have a history of miscarriage and report more postpartum pain and increased bleeding. They were also more likely to have inadequate social support and report more depression, anxiety, somatization, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on standardized tests. No differences were found in the health status of the infants of women who experienced violence compared to those who did not.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should sensitively ask recent migrant women (asylum seekers, refugees, and nonrefugee immigrants) about violence associated with pregnancy and appropriately assess, treat, and refer them.
Authors:
Donna E Stewart; Anita J Gagnon; Lisa A Merry; Cindy-Lee Dennis
Related Documents :
22344778 - Determinants of 6-month maternal satisfaction with breastfeeding experience in a multic...
7155028 - Successful treatment of male infertility caused by antispermatozoal antibodies.
22851598 - Maternal efficacy and safety outcomes in a randomized, controlled trial comparing insul...
22287098 - Sonographic diagnosis of fetal cardiac rhabdomyomas in two successive pregnancies in a ...
22216148 - Choriodecidual group b streptococcal inoculation induces fetal lung injury without intr...
20629488 - Two-stage transvaginal cervical length screening for preterm birth in twin pregnancies.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-08-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of women's health (2002)     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1931-843X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Womens Health (Larchmt)     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-05     Completed Date:  2012-12-12     Revised Date:  2013-10-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101159262     Medline TA:  J Womens Health (Larchmt)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1100-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University Health Network and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. donna.stewart@uhn.ca
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Canada / ethnology
Confidence Intervals
Emigrants and Immigrants / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Health Behavior / ethnology*
Health Services Accessibility
Health Status*
Humans
Patient Acceptance of Health Care / ethnology
Postpartum Period
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome / ethnology
Questionnaires
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Social Support
Socioeconomic Factors
Spouse Abuse / ethnology*,  psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
128087//Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The involvement of serotonin metabolism in cigarette smoke-induced oxidative stress in rat lung in v...
Next Document:  Short report: Influence of culture and trauma history on autobiographical memory specificity.