Document Detail

Risk Factors for Erosive Esophagitis and Barrett's Esophagus in a high Helicobacter Pylori Prevalence Area.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22123558     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE. To establish the prevalence and risk factors of erosive esophagitis (EE) and Barrett's esophagus (BE) among patients routinely referred for upper endoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A total of 4032 consecutive patients referred to a regional hospital for upper endoscopy due to upper gastrointestinal and/or "alarm" symptoms were examined. Analysis was performed on the prospectively selected patients (40 in each group) with EE of different grades and BE. RESULTS. EE was diagnosed in 474 patients (11.75%): grade A, in 194 (41%); grade B, in 167 (35%); grade C, in 65 (14%); and grade D in 48 patients (10%). Increasing severity of erosive esophagitis and presence of its complication - Barrett's esophagus - were associated with the decreasing prevalence of H. pylori and increasing hiatal hernia size (P<0.05). Male gender (OR, 3.57; 95% CI, 1.12 to 10.62), hiatal hernia >2 cm (OR, 3.73; 95% CI, 1.60 to 8.68), and absence of H. pylori (OR, 4.24; 95% CI, 1.07 to 16.84) were the factors found to be associated with severe EE. The factors associated with BE were as follows: ulcer and/or stricture of esophagus (OR, 11.94; 95% CI, 2.51 to 41.37), age >60 years (OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.20), smoking >10 cigarettes per day (OR, 4.62; 95% CI, 1.01 to 12.50), hiatal hernia >2 cm (OR, 5.22; 95% CI, 1.86 to 14.64), and absence of H. pylori (OR, 5.60; 95% CI, 1.38 to 22.72). CONCLUSIONS. The prevalence of EE was found to be low, and the prevalence of BE was found to be very low among routinely endoscoped patients in primary and secondary care settings in a Lithuanian rural area with high H. pylori prevalence. Increasing severity of gastroesophageal reflux disease was associated with the decreasing prevalence of Helicobacter pylori.
Laimas Jonaitis; Darius Kriukas; Gediminas Kiudelis; Limas Kupčinskas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1648-9144     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9425208     Medline TA:  Medicina (Kaunas)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Institute for Digestive Research, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eivenių 2, 50028 Kaunas, Lithuania.
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