Document Detail

Rising U.S. income inequality, gender and individual self-rated health, 1972-2004.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19733951     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effect of income inequality on health has been a contested topic among social scientists. Most previous research is based on cross-sectional comparisons rather than temporal comparisons. Using data from the General Social Survey and the U.S. Census Bureau, this study examines how rising income inequality affects individual self-rated health in the U.S. from 1972 to 2004. Data are analyzed using hierarchical generalized linear models. The findings suggest a significant association between income inequality and individual self-rated health. The dramatic increase in income inequality from 1972 to 2004 increases the odds of worse self-rated health by 9.4 percent. These findings hold for three measures of income inequality: the Gini coefficient, the Atkinson Index, and the Theil entropy index. Results also suggest that overall income inequality and gender-specific income inequality harm men's, but not women's, self-rated health. These findings also hold for the three measures of income inequality. These findings suggest that inattention to gender composition may explain apparent discrepancies across previous studies.
Hui Zheng
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-09-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1873-5347     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-12     Completed Date:  2009-12-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1333-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Sociology, Duke University, United States.
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MeSH Terms
Health Status*
Health Status Disparities
Income / statistics & numerical data,  trends*
Linear Models
Logistic Models
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
United States

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