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Risedronate-associated scleritis: a case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22864810     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper presents the first reported case of risedronate-associated scleritis and conducts a review of bisphosphonates and inflammatory eye diseases. A case of scleritis associated with risedronate use in a 73-year-old Chinese woman is reported. The English medical literature was reviewed for bisphosphonates and their association with inflammatory eye diseases. Cases of ocular inflammation in patients taking bisphosphonates have been reported since the early 1990s. Reported cases include both nitrogen- and non-nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates and with both intravenous and oral use. We report the first case of risedronate-induced scleritis. The case involves a 73-year-old woman who developed scleritis following exposure to risedronate in 2007 with recurrence of scleritis upon risedronate exposure again in 2009. Discontinuation of risedronate and treatment with intravenous and topical corticosteroids resulted in both clinical and radiological improvements within 24 h. Applying Naranjo's adverse drug reaction probability scale, a causality assessment was made which categorized this reaction as definite with a score of 9. In our case, there was a strong causal relationship between the use of risedronate and scleritis. Although rare, ocular adverse effects of bisphosphonates may be serious and should be made known to prescribing physicians. This is important in the practice of rheumatology as many of the patients are prescribed this class of medication for either prevention or treatment of osteoporosis. Moreover, ocular inflammation can be a sign of systemic disease, and such patients may be referred to a rheumatologist.
Authors:
Iman Hemmati; John Wade; John Kelsall
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rheumatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-9949     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Rheumatol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211469     Medline TA:  Clin Rheumatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 202-1160 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6Z 2E8.
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