Document Detail


Right ventricular dP/dt/P(max), not dP/dt(max), noninvasively derived from tricuspid regurgitation velocity is a useful index of right ventricular contractility.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11836488     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Although right ventricular (RV) contractility is important in determining functional capacity, few quantification methods are clinically available. RV dP/dt(max) can be assessed by Doppler echocardiography by using tricuspid regurgitation (TR) but is not routinely used because of its dependency on a Doppler incident angle and preload. Doppler-derived dP/dt/P(max) is relatively insensitive to preload and theoretically independent of the incident angle. We investigated the clinical feasibility of this index as an RV contractility index. METHODS: We computed RV dP/dt(max) and dP/dt/P(max) from the TR-derived RV pressure in 68 patients with dominant RV failure (13 in New York Heart Association [NYHA] class I, 33 in class II, 17 in class III, and 5 in class IV). Peak oxygen consumption (peak VO(2)) was measured in 20 patients during a maximal bicycle ergometer test. RESULTS: dP/dt(max) did not significantly correlate with NYHA class. In contrast, dP/dt/P(max) decreased monotonically with the functional class (r = -0.49, P <.0001), and correlated with peak VO(2) (r = 0.66, P <.002). CONCLUSION: TR-derived dP/dt/P(max), not dP/dt(max), is a clinically useful index of RV contractility, allowing researchers to account for the functional capacity.
Authors:
Hideaki Kanzaki; Satoshi Nakatani; Toru Kawada; Masakazu Yamagishi; Kenji Sunagawa; Kunio Miyatake
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0894-7317     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-11     Completed Date:  2002-03-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  136-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Research Institute, National Cardiovascular Center, 5-7-1 Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Blood Flow Velocity
Echocardiography, Doppler
Feasibility Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Contraction / physiology*
Oxygen / metabolism
Pressure
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology*,  ultrasonography
Ventricular Function, Right / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

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