Document Detail

Right-sided diaphragmatic hernia associated with superior vena cava syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8198654     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The term "hydrops fetalis" denotes generalized fetal edema, a condition that differs from localized edema confined to head, extremities, or body cavities. This report illustrates a case of right-sided diaphragmatic hernia associated with severe edema of the head, polyhydramnios, small hydrothorax, and ascites with an antenatal diagnosis of hydrops fetalis. At autopsy, edema was confined to the head and neck and the peritoneal sac. The mechanisms responsible for these forms of localized edema were obstruction of the superior vena cava and hepatic veins, respectively. Localized fetal edema may be confused with hydrops fetalis. Fetal edema of the head and neck may result from obstruction of the superior vena cava by abnormal mediastinal structures.
G P Giacoia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of perinatology     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0735-1631     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Perinatol     Publication Date:  1994 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-07-07     Completed Date:  1994-07-07     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405212     Medline TA:  Am J Perinatol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma, College of Medicine, Tulsa.
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MeSH Terms
Diagnosis, Differential
Edema / etiology*,  ultrasonography
Fetal Diseases / ultrasonography
Hernia, Diaphragmatic / complications,  congenital*
Hydrops Fetalis / ultrasonography
Infant, Newborn
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome / complications*
Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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