Document Detail

Right atrial lesions do not improve the efficacy of a complete left atrial lesion set in the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation, but they do increase procedural morbidity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23321126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: Some have suggested the superiority of biatrial versus left atrial lesions. We sought to analyze our experience.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 305 consecutive patients from 2007 to 2011. Rhythm success was defined as freedom from atrial fibrillation (AF) or flutter determined by 12-lead electrocardiograms at 3-month intervals. Lesions sets were pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), left-extended (PVI + mitral valve annulus [MV] lesion ± left atrial appendage lesion [LAA]) or biatrial-extended (right atrial ablation + PVI + MV ± LAA).
RESULTS: The success rates of PVI, left-extended, and biatrial-extended lesions were as follows: at 3 months, 56.7%, 74.7%, and 79.4% (P = .003); at 6 months, 56.9%, 72.9%, and 74.6% (P = .02); at 9 months, 54.6%, 72.5%, and 83.3% (P < .001); and at 12 months, 52.6%, 76.1%, and 80.0% (P < .001). Biatrial lesions had a higher rate of pacemaker placement than did left atrial lesions (16.5% vs 7.5%; P = .02). When we grouped patients by left lesion (PVI, PVI + MV, PVI + MV + LAA) irrespective of right atrial ablation, success was as follows: 3 months, 57.9%, 71.1%, and 87.8% (P < .01); 6 months, 58.1%, 71.6%, and 77.6% (P = .03); 9 months, 55.9%, 71.3%, and 89.6% (P < .01); and 12 months, 54.1%, 74.7%, and 83.7% (P < .01).
CONCLUSIONS: PVI is associated with lower rhythm success than an extended left atrial lesion set. The addition of a right atrial lesion to an extended left atrial lesion set does not improve efficacy, but it does increase the rate of pacemaker placement for sinus dysfunction. Adding an LAA lesion may confer additional efficacy when added to a lesion set that includes PVI + MV.
Lori K Soni; Sophia R Cedola; Jacob Cogan; Jeffrey Jiang; Jonathan Yang; Hiroo Takayama; Michael Argenziano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  145     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  356-63     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Columbia University, New York, NY. Electronic address:
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