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Right-Heart Function Related to the Results of Acute Pulmonary Vasodilator Testing in Patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Caused by Connective Tissue Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22137255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary vasodilator testing is important for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, but little is known about the predictors of response to such testing. METHODS: Forty-eight patients (mean age, 41.3 ± 11.6 years; 91.7% women) with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with connective tissue diseases who underwent right-heart catheterization and acute pulmonary vasodilator testing were prospectively recruited. Echocardiography was performed before and immediately after testing. RESULTS: There were 14 responders (29.2%) to acute pulmonary vasodilator testing. Responders had lower pulmonary vascular resistance, higher peak systolic velocity of the lateral tricuspid valve annulus (right ventricular [RV] S') and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, and smaller RV end-diastolic area. After vasodilator testing, mean pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance decreased significantly in both groups, cardiac index increased significantly in responders, and RV function improved significantly in nonresponders. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis identified an optimal cutoff value for RV S' of ≥10.5 cm/sec to predict response, with sensitivity of 71% and specificity of 71%. There were more responders among patients with RV S' ≥ 10.5 cm/sec (45.5% vs 15.4%, P = .02). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, RV S' ≥ 10.5cm/sec emerged as an independent predictor of response (odds ratio, 4.58; 95% confidence interval, 1.18-17.79; P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: Right-heart function is better in responders to acute pulmonary vasodilator testing than in nonresponders among patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with connective tissue diseases, and pulmonary vasodilators may improve RV function in nonresponders and cardiac index in responders. RV S' is a simple and clinically useful tool for predicting the results of pulmonary vasodilator testing.
Yong-Tai Liu; Meng-Tao Li; Zhuang Tian; Xiao-Xiao Guo; Wen-Ling Zhu; Qian Wang; Quan Fang; Xiao-Feng Zeng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
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