Document Detail

Riding the waves: the role of the body wave in undulatory fish swimming.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21680379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
A continuously swimming mullet modulates its thrust production by changing slip-the ratio between its swimming speed U and the speed V with which the body wave travels down its body. This variation in thrust is reflected in the wake of the fish. We obtained 2-dimensional impressions of the wake behind a mullet swimming at a slip of 0.7 equivalent to active swimming, at a slip of 0.9 close to free-wheeling, and at a slip of 1.1 when the fish is braking. Independent of the slip, vortices are shed at the tail when the tail tip reaches its maximum lateral excursion. The manner in which the wake changes as it decays depends on the degree of slip: At a slip well below unity, the wake decays without any qualitative changes in shape, the medio-frontal cross section of the mature wake consists of a double row of alternating vortices separated by an undulating jet, and the angle between the jet flow and the mean path of motion is close to 45°; at a slip above unity, the vortices stretch out laterally and the mature wake resembles a single row of oval vortices with two vortex cores, and the jet between the vortices is almost perpendicular to the mean path of motion; the wake at slip of 0.9 exhibits a pattern intermediate between the wakes at slips 0.7 and 0.9 with slightly elongate vortices and a jet angle of 61°.
Ulrike K Müller; Eize J Stamhuis; John J Videler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Integrative and comparative biology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1540-7063     ISO Abbreviation:  Integr. Comp. Biol.     Publication Date:  2002 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101152341     Medline TA:  Integr Comp Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  981-7     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, U.K.
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