Document Detail

Rhythmic contractions of isolated, pressurized small arteries from rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7839859     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study was undertaken to examine the influence of transmural pressure on vasomotion and to determine if any such influence was endothelium-dependent. Responses to changes in intravascular pressure of cannulated mesenteric small arteries were investigated under no-flow conditions. Both intact and endothelium-denuded arteries dilated passively when intravascular pressure was increased stepwise from 20 to 140 mmHg. When tone was induced by noradrenaline, pressure increase resulted only in dilatation, independent of endothelium. The sensitivity to noradrenaline was significantly increased in vessels without endothelium, indicating a relaxing influence of the endothelium. Rhythmic contractions in response to noradrenaline occurred in all intact arteries, but were absent when the endothelium was removed. The amplitude of the rhythmic contractions decreased significantly when transmural pressure was elevated. The frequency increased when pressure was elevated from 20 to 80 mmHg and then remained rather constant during further pressure increases. As shown previously in non-pressurized arteries, exogenous cyclic GMP induced oscillations in endothelium-denuded arteries. Pressure-related effects on vasomotion were not dependent on an intact endothelium. Ryanodine, ouabain or verapamil inhibited the rhythmic activity, confirming previous results in non-pressurized arteries. Thus, changes in transmural pressure can modulate vasomotion, but this effect does not appear to be mediated by the endothelium. Generation of vasomotion may depend on release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores, the activity of the Na+, K(+)-pump and transmembrane Ca2+ inflow in a pressurized artery as shown previously in these arteries under isometric conditions.
H Gustafsson; A Bülow; H Nilsson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  152     ISSN:  0001-6772     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol. Scand.     Publication Date:  1994 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-02-28     Completed Date:  1995-02-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370362     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol Scand     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology, University of Göteborg, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Cyclic GMP / pharmacology
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Endothelium, Vascular / physiology*
Mesenteric Arteries* / drug effects,  physiology*
Muscle Contraction* / drug effects
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects,  physiology*
Norepinephrine / pharmacology
Ouabain / pharmacology
Rats, Wistar
Ryanodine / pharmacology
Vasodilation / drug effects
Verapamil / pharmacology
Reg. No./Substance:
15662-33-6/Ryanodine; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 52-53-9/Verapamil; 630-60-4/Ouabain; 7665-99-8/Cyclic GMP

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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