Document Detail

RhoC is essential for TGF-beta1-induced invasive capacity of rat ascites hepatoma cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16750170     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a multifunctional growth factor that plays a role in cell proliferation, differentiation, extracellular matrix production, apoptosis, and cell motility. We show here that TGF-beta1 increased the invasiveness of MM1 cells, which are a highly invasive clone of rat ascites hepatoma cells. Both mRNA and protein levels of RhoC but not RhoA in TGF-beta1-treated MM1 cells increased. In parallel with this increase in expression, RhoC activity was induced by TGF-beta1 treatment. When RhoC was overexpressed in MM1 cells, the invasive capacity increased. The RhoC-overexpressing cells formed more nodules than did mock cells when injected into rat peritoneum. Furthermore, when RhoC expression was reduced by transfection with shRNA/RhoC, the invasiveness of MM1 cells decreased with concomitant suppression of RhoC expression. Thus, the induced expression of RhoC by TGF-beta1 in MM1 cells plays a critical role in TGF-beta1-induced cell migration.
M Mukai; H Endo; T Iwasaki; M Tatsuta; A Togawa; H Nakamura; M Inoue
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-05-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemical and biophysical research communications     Volume:  346     ISSN:  0006-291X     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-19     Completed Date:  2006-08-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372516     Medline TA:  Biochem Biophys Res Commun     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  74-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biochemistry, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Osaka 537-8511, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Cells, Cultured
Gene Expression Profiling
Liver Neoplasms / pathology
Liver Neoplasms, Experimental / pathology*
Neoplasm Invasiveness
Transforming Growth Factor beta / physiology*
Transforming Growth Factor beta1
rho GTP-Binding Proteins / genetics,  physiology*
rhoA GTP-Binding Protein / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/TGFB1 protein, human; 0/Tgfb1 protein, rat; 0/Transforming Growth Factor beta; 0/Transforming Growth Factor beta1; EC GTP-Binding Proteins; EC GTP-Binding Protein

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