Document Detail


Rewind the heart: a novel technique to reset heart fibers' orientation in surgery for ischemic cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17935899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ischemic cardiomyopathy is the most common cause of dilated cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. It affects approximately 1 out of 100 people, most often middle-aged to elderly men. Left ventricular restoration surgery is a challenging therapeutic approach to this pathology: it aims to rebuild a near-normal ventricular chamber in a heart damaged by a myocardial infarction, reducing its volume and improving the fraction of blood ejected by each systole. This is obtained by eliminating the akinetic/dyskinetic part of the cardiac muscle and closing the final defect with or without a synthetic patch. Optimization of surgical repair is mandatory as far as ischemic cardiomyopathy is a worldwide disease responsible for many cardiac deaths and because of its potential use as an alternative to heart transplantation in selected patients. Until now, this surgery has been performed without caring for myocardial fibers' disposition but recent evidences clarified the key role of fibers' alignment in heart physiology. The myocardium of the left ventricle has a unique three-dimensional, multilayered structure: it constitutes the anatomical basis for the cardiac function and for left ventricular torsion, a key movement of normal heart. Myocardial infarction alters myocardial structure in the site of the necrosis and subsequent cardiomyopathy eliminates left ventricular torsion. On the other hand, histological evidences show that myofibers' orientation in the thickness of residual normal myocardium is not changed and that transmural courses of fiber orientation angles near infarct zones were similar to those of normal myocardium. We hypothesize that, with a particular surgical technique, it could be possible to realign the anatomically normal fibers of the residual myocardium in order to rebuild a physiologic setting. We planned a novel surgical technique of left ventricular restoration using a very narrow, string-shaped patch and a particular suturing sequence and technique, whose aim is to near normally oriented residual myocardial fibers. The renewal of left ventricular torsion was evident at sight just at the end of this kind of ventricular restoration, still in the operating room, then confirmed by 2D speckle tracking echocardiography. These observations are indirect proofs of fibers' realignment, as the torsion movement of the left ventricle is due to the interlaced, oblique orientation of myocardial fibers. We herein propose a theoretical explanation of this outcome, drawing a geometrical modeling of the surgical procedure.
Authors:
Marco Cirillo; Giorgio Arpesella
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-11-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical hypotheses     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0306-9877     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Hypotheses     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-10     Completed Date:  2008-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505668     Medline TA:  Med Hypotheses     Country:  Scotland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  848-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cardiovascular Department, Heart Surgery Unit, Poliambulanza Foundation Hospital, Brescia, Italy. mkyr@libero.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiology / methods
Cardiomyopathies / surgery*,  therapy*
Echocardiography / methods
Heart Ventricles / pathology
Humans
Models, Anatomic
Models, Biological
Models, Theoretical
Myocardial Ischemia / pathology*
Myocardium / metabolism,  pathology*
Surgical Procedures, Operative*
Thoracic Surgery / methods*
Ventricular Remodeling

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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