Document Detail

Rewarding context accelerates implicit guidance in visual search.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23197333     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
It is well known that observers can implicitly learn the spatial context of complex visual searches, such that future searches through repeated contexts are completed faster than those through novel contexts, even though observers remain at chance at discriminating repeated from new contexts. This contextual-cueing effect arises quickly (within less than five exposures) and asymptotes within 30 exposures to repeated contexts. In spite of being a robust effect (its magnitude is over 100 ms at the asymptotic level), the effect is implicit: Participants are usually at chance at discriminating old from new contexts at the end of an experiment, in spite of having seen each repeated context more than 30 times throughout a 50-min experiment. Here, we demonstrate that the speed at which the contextual-cueing effect arises can be modulated by external rewards associated with the search contexts (not with the performance itself). Following each visual search trial (and irrespective of a participant's search speed on the trial), we provided a reward, a penalty, or no feedback to the participant. Crucially, the type of feedback obtained was associated with the specific contexts, such that some repeated contexts were always associated with reward, and others were always associated with penalties. Implicit learning occurred fastest for contexts associated with positive feedback, though penalizing contexts also showed a learning benefit. Consistent feedback also produced faster learning than did variable feedback, though unexpected penalties produced the largest immediate effects on search performance.
Yuan-Chi Tseng; Alejandro Lleras
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Attention, perception & psychophysics     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1943-393X     ISO Abbreviation:  Atten Percept Psychophys     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-01     Completed Date:  2014-02-03     Revised Date:  2014-05-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101495384     Medline TA:  Atten Percept Psychophys     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  287-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Attention / physiology
Data Display
Discrimination (Psychology) / physiology*
Learning / physiology
Reaction Time
Visual Perception / physiology*
Young Adult
Comment In:
Atten Percept Psychophys. 2014 Apr;76(3):669-74   [PMID:  24664853 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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