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Revised infant dietary recommendations: the impact of maternal education and other parental factors on adherence rates in Iceland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23134449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIM: Revised infant dietary recommendations from the Icelandic Nutrition Council (11) are outlined in a booklet provided during free postnatal care. These focus on increasing the duration of exclusive and total breastfeeding and reducing cow's milk consumption. This study explored whether maternal education and other parental factors affected whether mothers followed the recommendations. METHODS: Mothers of randomly selected healthy infants (n=200) completed questionnaires on body mass index (BMI), age, education (basic, medium and higher), household income, smoking and parental factors. Dietary data was collected during home visits by a researcher (0-4 months) and through monthly food records completed by parents or caregivers (5-12 months). RESULTS: Each maternal education level increased breast feeding duration by 0.72 months (95% CI=0.04, 1.39) and reduced cow's milk consumption by 36.7 ml/day (95% CI=-70.11, -3.03), when adjusted for maternal BMI, age, smoking and family income. Maternal education was not associated with duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Duration of exclusive and total breastfeeding was inversely associated with maternal BMI, B=-0.10 (95% CI=-0.16, -0.05) and -0.13 (95% CI=-0.23, -0.03), respectively. CONCLUSION: Mothers with higher education appear to have adapted more easily to the revised recommendations on infant diet, particularly when their infants are 6-12 months old. Higher maternal BMI was associated with shorter duration of both exclusive and total breastfeeding. © 2012 Unit for Nutrition Research/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Asa Vala Thorisdottir; Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir; Inga Thorsdottir
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Unit for Nutrition Research/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Unit for Nutrition Research, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland & Landspítali - The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
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