Document Detail

Reviewing the reviews: the example of chronic fatigue syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9676676     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the selection of literature in review articles is unsystematic and is influenced by the authors' discipline and country of residence.
DATA SOURCES: Reviews in English published between 1980 and March 1996 in MEDLINE, EMBASE (BIDS), PSYCHLIT, and Current Contents were searched.
STUDY SELECTION: Reviews of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) were selected. Articles explicitly concerned with a specialty aspect of CFS and unattributed, unreferenced, or insufficiently referenced articles were discarded.
DATA EXTRACTION: Record of data sources in each review was noted as was the departmental specialty of the first author and his or her country of residence. The references cited in each index paper were tabulated by assigning them to 6 specialty categories, by article title, and by assigning them to 8 categories, by country of journal publication.
DATA SYNTHESIS: Of 89 reviews, 3 (3.4%) reported on literature search and described search method. Authors from laboratory-based disciplines preferentially cited laboratory references, while psychiatry-based disciplines preferentially cited psychiatric literature (P = .01). A total of 71.6% of references cited by US authors were from US journals, while 54.9% of references cited by United Kingdom authors were published in United Kingdom journals (P = .001).
CONCLUSION: Citation of the literature is influenced by review authors' discipline and nationality.
J Joyce; S Rabe-Hesketh; S Wessely
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JAMA     Volume:  280     ISSN:  0098-7484     ISO Abbreviation:  JAMA     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-07-28     Completed Date:  1998-07-28     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501160     Medline TA:  JAMA     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  264-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic
Publication Bias*
Publishing / standards
Quality Control
Review Literature as Topic*
Selection Bias

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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