Document Detail

Review: the role of omega 3 fatty acids in intestinal inflammation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11179858     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The role of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in inflammatory lesions of the intestines is the subject of increasing research. This review begins with a background discussion of the source, elongation, and desaturation of PUFAs, as well as the role they have played in the human diet through evolution. The available data and hypotheses as to how manipulation of PUFAs might effect the various components of the immune system are then provided. Possible mechanisms by which PUFAs result in immunomodulation include alterations in eicosanoid synthesis, membrane fluidity, signal transduction, intraluminal bacteria, and gene expression. Attention is then turned to the known effects that these polyunsaturated fatty acids have on the various individual components of the immune system including lymphocytes, neutrophils, and antigen presenting cells, as well as the immunoregulatory process of apoptosis. Finally, laboratory data on the role of PUFAs in necrotizing enterocolitis, and to a greater extent inflammatory bowel disease, first as demonstrated in animal models of the disease, and second in human studies are then summarized.
J E. Teitelbaum; W Allan Walker
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutritional biochemistry     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1873-4847     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-Feb-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010081     Medline TA:  J Nutr Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  21-32     Citation Subset:  -    
MCP Hahnemann School of Medicine, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Monmouth Medical Center, Long Branch, NJ, USA
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