Document Detail


Review of the physiology of human thermal comfort while exercising in urban landscapes and implications for bioclimatic design.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20155515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This review comprehensively examines scientific literature pertaining to human physiology during exercise, including mechanisms of heat formation and dissipation, heat stress on the body, the importance of skin temperature monitoring, the effects of clothing, and microclimatic measurements. This provides a critical foundation for microclimatologists and biometeorologists in the understanding of experiments involving human physiology. The importance of the psychological aspects of how an individual perceives an outdoor environment are also reviewed, emphasizing many factors that can indirectly affect thermal comfort (TC). Past and current efforts to develop accurate human comfort models are described, as well as how these models can be used to develop resilient and comfortable outdoor spaces for physical activity. Lack of suitable spaces plays a large role in the deterioration of human health due to physical inactivity, leading to higher rates of illness, heart disease, obesity and heat-related casualties. This trend will continue if urban designers do not make use of current knowledge of bioclimatic urban design, which must be synthesized with physiology, psychology and microclimatology. Increased research is required for furthering our knowledge on the outdoor human energy balance concept and bioclimatic design for health and well-being in urban areas.
Authors:
Jennifer K Vanos; Jon S Warland; Terry J Gillespie; Natasha A Kenny
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2010-02-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of biometeorology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1432-1254     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Biometeorol     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-10-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374716     Medline TA:  Int J Biometeorol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  319-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada. vanosj@uoguelph.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology*
Clothing
Exercise / physiology*,  psychology
Humans
Microclimate
Models, Biological
Skin / blood supply
Skin Temperature / physiology
Sweating / physiology
Urban Health

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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