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Review of the malaria epidemiology and trends in Zambia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23593585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A comprehensive desk review of malaria trends was conducted between 2000-2010 in Zambia to study malaria epidemiology and trends to guide strategies and approaches for effective malaria control. This review considered data from the National Health Information Management System, Malaria Surveys and Programme Review reports and analyzed malaria in-patient cases and deaths in relation to intervention coverage for all ages. Data showed three distinct epidemiological strata after a notable malaria reduction (66%) in in-patient cases and deaths, particularly between 2000-2008. These changes occurred following the (re-)introduction and expansion of indoor residual spraying up to 90% coverage, scale-up of coverage of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets in household from 50% to 70%, and artemisin-based combination therapy nationwide. However, malaria cases and deaths re-surged, increasing in 2009-2010 in the northern-eastern parts of Zambia. Delays in the disbursement of funds affected the implementation of interventions, which resulted in resurgence of cases and deaths. In spite of a decline in malaria disease burden over the past decade in Zambia, a reversal in impact is notable in the year 2009-2010, signifying that control gains are fragile and must be sustained toeliminate malaria.
Authors:
Freddie Masaninga; Emmanuel Chanda; Pascalina Chanda-Kapata; Busiku Hamainza; Hieronymo T Masendu; Mulakwa Kamuliwo; Wambinji Kapelwa; John Chimumbwa; John Govere; Mac Otten; Ibrahima Soce Fall; Olusegun Babaniyi; Seter Siziya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine     Volume:  3     ISSN:  2221-1691     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian Pac J Trop Biomed     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-17     Completed Date:  2013-04-22     Revised Date:  2013-07-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101557706     Medline TA:  Asian Pac J Trop Biomed     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-94     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
World Health Organization (WHO), Country Office, Zambia.
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