Document Detail

Review article: the management of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis during pregnancy and lactation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25200000     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) commonly affect young patients in the reproductive phase of their lives. The chronic and relapsing nature of IBD and the potential need for medical or surgical interventions raise concerns about family planning issues.
AIM: To review the current knowledge on IBD management in pregnant and nursing IBD patients.
METHODS: A PubMed literature search was performed using the search terms 'reproduction' and 'inflammatory bowel disease' and using the headers and main subjects of each section of this article as search terms.
RESULTS: Male and female fertility are not impaired in the majority of IBD patients. In IBD patients with quiescent disease pregnancy outcomes are not impaired in comparison to the general population, however, an increased incidence of pregnancy complications is observed in active IBD patients. As methotrexate (MTX) has been demonstrated to be teratogenic, the use of MTX is contraindicated in patients, who wish to conceive, throughout pregnancy and when nursing. However, normal pregnancies following MTX treatment at conception and later have been reported. Most of the other currently approved IBD medications are not associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and may be used to maintain quiescent disease or to induce a rapid remission in patients with flares and active disease. Breast-feeding in IBD patients is possible and recommended.
CONCLUSIONS: The overall outcome of pregnancies in IBD patients is favourable and not different to healthy controls, thus patients with IBD should not be discouraged from having children.
H Schulze; P Esters; A Dignass
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2036     ISO Abbreviation:  Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8707234     Medline TA:  Aliment Pharmacol Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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