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Review article: benefits and risks of chemotherapy in elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18945257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Although metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is largely a disease of older individuals, our understanding of disease processes and their optimal treatment has been gained through trials with populations largely confined to younger individuals.
AIM: To identify through a review issues specific to geriatric patients with mCRC (physiological changes associated with aging, burden of coexisting illnesses, altered drug pharmacokinetics and functional impairment) and assess challenges to elderly patients posed by malignancy and exposure to cytotoxic medication.
METHODS: Our literature search for indexed articles published between 2000 and May 2008 employed terms including irinotecan, oxaliplatin, elderly, mCRC, targeted agents and biologicals.
RESULTS: Underrepresentation of older patients in clinical trials makes it difficult to extrapolate findings to older age groups. However, some trials have demonstrated that elderly patients can achieve survival benefits and toxicity comparable to younger patients, although dosage modifications may be required.
CONCLUSIONS: Currently, benefits with pharmacological therapy are suggested but not proven in the elderly population. Although concurrent illnesses and disabilities can complicate treatment decision making, chronological age alone should not disqualify these patients with mCRC from receiving optimal treatment similar to that offered to their younger cohorts.
Authors:
E Mitry; P Rougier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-10-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1365-2036     ISO Abbreviation:  Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8707234     Medline TA:  Aliment Pharmacol Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
UFR Médecine Paris Ile de France Ouest, Université Versailles Saint-Quentin, EA4340, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, APHP, Boulogne, France. emmanuel.mitry@apr.aphp.fr
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