Document Detail

A review of disaster-related carbon monoxide poisoning: surveillance, epidemiology, and opportunities for prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22897556     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic literature review to better understand aspects of disaster-related carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning surveillance and determine potentially effective prevention strategies.
METHODS: This review included information from 28 journal articles on disaster-related CO poisoning cases occurring between 1991 and 2009 in the United States.
RESULTS: We identified 362 incidents and 1888 disaster-related CO poisoning cases, including 75 fatalities. Fatalities occurred primarily among persons who were aged 18 years or older (88%) and male (79%). Hispanics and Asians accounted for 20% and 14% of fatal cases and 21% and 7% of nonfatal cases, respectively. Generators were the primary exposure source for 83% of fatal and 54% of nonfatal cases; 67% of these fatal cases were caused by indoor generator placement. Charcoal grills were a major source of exposure during winter storms. Most fatalities (94%) occurred at home. Nearly 89% of fatal and 53% of nonfatal cases occurred within 3 days of disaster onset.
CONCLUSIONS: Public health prevention efforts could benefit from emphasizing predisaster risk communication and tailoring interventions for racial, ethnic, and linguistic minorities. These findings highlight the need for surveillance and CO-related information as components of disaster preparedness, response, and prevention.
Shahed Iqbal; Jacquelyn H Clower; Sandra A Hernandez; Scott A Damon; Fuyuen Y Yip
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2012-08-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-13     Completed Date:  2012-11-19     Revised Date:  2014-10-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1957-63     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning / epidemiology*,  etiology,  mortality,  prevention & control*
Middle Aged
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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