Document Detail

A Review of 13 Years of Experience With Endoscopic Forehead-lift.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22986940     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE To conduct objective quantitative and qualitative evaluations of the long-term result in endoscopic forehead-lift. METHODS Medical charts of 143 patients who underwent endoscopic forehead-lift between 1994 and 2007 were reviewed for postoperative complications and the duration of complaints. Patients received a questionnaire to evaluate satisfaction and social restriction after surgery. Objective photographic preoperative and postoperative eyebrow-to-eye distances in a relaxed position and during muscle contractions were obtained. RESULTS A total of 98 patients (69% response; mean follow-up, 38 months) showed high satisfaction (score, 7.1 of 10). In a relaxed position, mean midpupil-to-eyebrow elevation was 5.6 mm after surgery, with significant eyebrow symmetry between the left and right eyes (P < .05), and showed significant influence of time (P = .005) on persisting eyebrow elevation, with a decrease of almost 1 mm per year. Measurements during muscle contraction showed no relevant differences. CONCLUSION Endoscopic forehead-lift enables long-lasting results with highly satisfied patients.
Nikolaos A Papadopulos; Maximilian Eder; Christian Weigand; Edgar Biemer; Laszlo Kovacs
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of facial plastic surgery : official publication for the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc. and the International Federation of Facial Plastic Surgery Societies     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1538-3660     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Facial Plast Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883500     Medline TA:  Arch Facial Plast Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  336-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
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