Document Detail

Reversible impairment of left and right ventricular systolic and diastolic function during short-lasting atrial fibrillation in patients with an implantable atrial defibrillator: a tissue Doppler imaging study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11449595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AF with a fast ventricular response may cause ventricular mechanical impairment, though whether short-lasting AF with satisfactory rate control may affect ventricular function is unknown. This study investigated if prompt cardioversion by an implantable atrial defibrillator (IAD) may prevent left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction. Ten patients (mean age 61 +/- 9 years, 8 men) with paroxysmal AF without structural heart disease who received an IAD were studied by echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) for both ventricles. Measurements were made during baseline sinus rhythm and at 1-minute, 20-minute, 4-hour, and 1-week postcardioversion of an episode of spontaneous AF. The occurrence of AF and the ventricular rate were monitored at 2-hour intervals by the device. There were 50 episodes of AF with a mean duration of 8.8 +/- 8.9 days (2 hours to 37 days). There was no difference in M-mode measured LV fractional shortening and ejection fraction between baseline sinus rhythm and after cardioversion. However, the TDI derived myocardial systolic velocity (TDI-S) was significantly lower at 1-minute postcardioversion and was normalized at 1 week in both LVs (baseline: 5.7 +/- 1.8, 1 minute: 4.2 +/- 1.0, 20 minutes: 4.3 +/- 0.9, 4 hours: 4.8 +/- 1.0, 1 week: 5.5 +/- 1.8 cm/s; P < 0.005 when comparing 1 minute and 20 minutes to baseline; P < 0.05 when comparing 4 hour to baseline) and RV (baseline: 10.4 +/- 2.1, 1 minute: 7.8 +/- 1.4, 20 minutes: 8.1 +/- 1.2, 4 hours: 9.2 +/- 1.5, 1 week: 10.0 +/- 2.0 cm/s; P < 0.005 when comparing 1 minute, 20 minutes, and 4 hours to baseline). For diastolic function, transmitral Doppler study showed a decrease in early filling velocity at 1 minute (P < 0.05) and 20 minutes (P < 0.005), which was normalized at 4 hours. There was no change in transtricuspid Doppler flow. However, TDI derived myocardial early filling velocity was decreased in the LV (baseline: 6.0 +/- 2.8, 1 minute: 5.4 +/- 2.3, 20 minutes: 5.4 +/- 2.1, 4 hours: 6.1 +/- 2.2, 1 week: 5.8 +/- 1.7 cm/s; P < 0.05 when comparing 1 minute and 20 minutes to baseline) and RV (baseline: 8.9 +/- 3.5, 1 minute: 7.9 +/- 3.3, 20 minutes: 8.1 +/- 3.3, 4 hours: 8.5 +/- 2.9, 1 week: 8.4 +/- 3.5 cm/s; P < 0.05 when comparing 1 minute to baseline). AF of a longer duration (> 48 hours) resulted in a more depressed TDI-S in LV (> 48 hours: 4.2 +/- 1.0, < or = 48 hours: 5.3 +/- 1.3 cm/s; P < 0.01). Shocks in sinus rhythm did not affect any of the above echocardiographic parameters. Therefore, despite adequate rate control, short-lasting AF impairs systolic and diastolic function in both ventricles, which improves gradually after cardioversion. Early restoration of sinus rhythm by an IAD minimizes ventricular dysfunction. TDI is a sensitive tool to assess early systolic and diastolic dysfunction.
C M Yu; Q Wang; C P Lau; H F Tse; S K Leung; K L Lee; V Tsang; G Ayers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-13     Completed Date:  2002-05-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  979-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Cardiology, Dept. of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Atrial Fibrillation / physiopathology*,  therapy*,  ultrasonography
Defibrillators, Implantable*
Echocardiography, Doppler
Heart / physiopathology
Middle Aged
Time Factors
Ventricular Function, Left*
Ventricular Function, Right*

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