Document Detail

Reversibility of cerebral symptoms in severe hypertension in relation to acute antihypertensive therapy. Danish Multicenter Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3532694     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cerebral symptoms were registered in a multicenter study including 64 patients with severe hypertension, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) greater than or equal to 135 mmHg, and more or less pronounced hypertensive encephalopathy. The symptoms were: headache (70%), dizziness (35%), consciousness disturbances (28%), nausea (27%), paresis (23%), blurred vision (22%), paraesthesia (21%) and vomiting (14%). None had convulsions or coma. Initial treatment was furosemide i.v., and if DBP was greater than or equal to 125 mmHg after one hour, patients were randomized to treatment with either i.v. diazoxide (bolus injections of 75-150 mg) or i.m. dihydralazine (bolus injections of 6-12.5 mg). A gradual fall in blood pressure (BP) was obtained in all three groups. Along with BP reduction a substantial regression of neurological symptoms was registered. After 5 hours only minor cerebral symptoms were present without significant difference between diazoxide and dihydralazine. None developed cerebral complications. The study failed to show a significant correlation between BP reduction and regression of neurological symptoms graded semiquantitatively. Reduction of BP by titration using small repeated bolus injections is recommended, but oral treatment should be considered in the patients who are able to ingest peroral medication in spite of neurological symptoms.
A R Krogsgaard; A McNair; T Hilden; P E Nielsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta medica Scandinavica     Volume:  220     ISSN:  0001-6101     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Med Scand     Publication Date:  1986  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-11-10     Completed Date:  1986-11-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370330     Medline TA:  Acta Med Scand     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  25-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
Brain Diseases / etiology*,  prevention & control
Clinical Trials as Topic
Diazoxide / therapeutic use
Dihydralazine / therapeutic use
Drug Therapy, Combination
Furosemide / therapeutic use
Hypertension / complications,  drug therapy*
Random Allocation
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents; 364-98-7/Diazoxide; 484-23-1/Dihydralazine; 54-31-9/Furosemide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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