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Reverse left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction: the prognostic impact of left ventricular global torsion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23179752     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling (>10 % reduction in LV end-systolic volume) may occur in patients recovering for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), undergoing percutaneous revascularization of infarct-related coronary artery (PCI). To detect whether LV global torsion obtained by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography was predictive of reverse LV remodeling, 75 patients with first anterior wall STEMI were studied before (T1) and after PCI (T2) and at 6-month follow-up. Two-year clinical follow-up was also accomplished. LV volumes and both LV sphericity index and conic index were obtained by three-dimensional echocardiography. Reverse remodeling was observed in 25 patients (33 %). By multivariate analysis, independent predictors of reverse LV remodeling were: LV conic index, T2 LV torsion and Δ torsion (difference between T2 and T1 LV torsion expressed as percentage of this latter). According to receiver operating characteristic analysis, 1.34°/cm for T2 LV torsion (sensitivity 88 % and specificity 80 %) and 54 % for Δ torsion (sensitivity 92 % and specificity 82 %) were the optimal cutoff values in predicting reverse LV remodeling. In up to 24 month follow-up, 4 non-fatal re-infarction, 7 hospitalization for heart failure and 4 cardiac deaths occurred. By multivariate Cox analysis, the best variable significantly associated with event-free survival rate was reverse LV remodeling with a hazard ratio = 9.9 (95 % confidence interval, 7.9-31.4, p < 0.01). In conclusion, reverse LV remodeling occurring after anterior wall STEMI is associated with favorable long-term outcome. The improvement of global LV torsion following coronary artery revascularization is the major predictor of reverse LV remodeling.
Authors:
Letizia Spinelli; Carmine Morisco; Emiliano Assante di Panzillo; Raffaele Izzo; Bruno Trimarco
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The international journal of cardiovascular imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1875-8312     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100969716     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular and Immunological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy, letspine@unina.it.
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