Document Detail

Reversal of muscle differentiation during urodele limb regeneration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8346239     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Recent studies suggest that maintenance of the differentiated state requires continuous regulation. Limb regeneration in urodele amphibians provides a context in which to address this issue, as limb regeneration may involve the dedifferentiation of multinucleate myotubes to yield mononucleate blastemal cells, which then proliferate and contribute to regenerate tissues. To evaluate this possibility, cultured newt limb myotubes were selectively microinjected with the lineage tracer rhodamine-dextran and introduced into regenerating limbs. In culture, such labeled myotubes were stable after 6-8 weeks, and transfer of the tracer to mononucleate cells was not observed. In contrast, after implantation of labeled myotubes under the wound epidermis of limb blastemas, strongly labeled mononucleate cells were observed after 1 week. These cells could be double-labeled with the cytoplasmic lineage tracer and [3H]thymidine that had been incorporated into the nuclei of implanted myotubes. The number of labeled mononucleate cells increased significantly by 2-3 weeks after implantation, indicating that these cells proliferated. Although the fate of these cells at later times was uncertain, we provide evidence consistent with their subsequent differentiation. These results demonstrate reversal in the mononucleate-to-multinucleate transition of vertebrate myogenesis.
D C Lo; F Allen; J P Brockes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-09-07     Completed Date:  1993-09-07     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7230-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University College London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Differentiation
Extremities / anatomy & histology*
Muscles / cytology*
Salamandridae / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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