Document Detail


Reversal of female mate choice by copying in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1360679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ever since Fisher (1958) formalized models of sexual selection, female mate choice has been assumed to be a genetically determined trait. Females, however, may also use social cues to select mates. One such cue might be the mate choice of conspecifics. Here we report the first direct evidence that a female's preference for a particular male can in fact be reversed by social cues. In our experiments using the Trinidadian guppy (Poecilia reticulata), this reversal was mediated by mate-copying opportunities, such that a female (the 'focal' female) is given the opportunity to choose between two males, followed by a period in which she observes a second female (the 'model' female) displaying a preference for the male she herself did not prefer initially. When allowed to choose between the same males a second time, compared with control tests, a significant proportion of focal females reversed their mate choice and copied the preference of the model female. These results provide strong evidence for the role of non-genetic factors in sexual selection and underlie the need for new models of sexual selection that explicitly incorporate both genetic and cultural aspects of mate choice.
Authors:
L A Dugatkin; J G Godin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society     Volume:  249     ISSN:  0962-8452     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  1992 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-01-06     Completed Date:  1993-01-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101245157     Medline TA:  Proc Biol Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acclimatization
Animals
Choice Behavior*
Female
Male
Poecilia
Sexual Behavior, Animal*

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