Document Detail


Revelation of an obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in an elderly patient.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19181403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is classified as a primary cardiomyopathy. HCM is a clinically heterogeneous but relatively common autosomal dominant genetic heart disease that probably is the most frequently occurring cardiomyopathy. HCM is characterized morphologically and defined by a hypertrophied, nondilated left ventriculum (LV) in the absence of another systemic or cardiac disease that is capable of producing the magnitude of wall thickening evident (e.g., systemic hypertension, aortic valve stenosis). Most HCM patients have the propensity to develop dynamic obstruction to LV outflow under resting or physiologically provocable conditions, produced by systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve with ventricular septal contact. The phenotypic features of HCM may develop at any age from infancy to adulthood, and are characterized by a great heterogeneity in the extent, magnitude, and distribution of left ventricular hypertrophy. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) often leads to heart failure, severe ischemia, severe symptoms and death. Determination of the exact site of the hypertrophy and of the obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract, in asymmetric septal hypertrophy, establishes which is the best treatment strategy. In the treatment of HOCM, drug therapy with negatively inotropic drugs, percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation by alcohol-induced septal branch occlusion, surgical myectomy and DDD pacemaker therapy are considered the therapeutical options. We present a case of an obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in an 84-year-old Italian woman with a left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) peak gradient with the Valsalva maneuver of 188 mm Hg and with a history of first episode of syncope.
Authors:
Salvatore Patanè; Filippo Marte; Alessandro Portaro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Letter     Date:  2009-01-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  145     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e41-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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