Document Detail


Revealing hidden covariation detection: evidence for implicit abstraction at study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11550754     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Four experiments in the brain scans paradigm (P. Lewicki, T. Hill, & I. Sasaki, 1989) investigated hidden covariation detection (HCD). In Experiment 1 HCD was found in an implicit- but not in an explicit-instruction group. In Experiment 2 HCD was impaired by nonholistic perception of stimuli but not by divided attention. In Experiment 3 HCD was eliminated by interspersing stimuli that deviated from the critical covariation. In Experiment 4 a transfer procedure was used. HCD was found with dissimilar test stimuli that preserved the covariation but was almost eliminated with similar stimuli that were neutral as to the covariation. Awareness was assessed both by objective and subjective tests in all experiments. Results suggest that HCD is an effect of implicit rule abstraction and that similarity processing plays only a minor role. HCD might be suppressed by intentional search strategies that induce inappropriate aggregation of stimulus information.
Authors:
C S Rossnagel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0278-7393     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-09-11     Completed Date:  2002-02-04     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207540     Medline TA:  J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1276-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Cognitive Psychology, Freie U niversität Berlin, Germany. c.stamov-rossnagel@bristol.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Attention*
Awareness
Concept Formation*
Female
Humans
Knowledge of Results (Psychology)
Male
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Probability Learning
Problem Solving*
Transfer (Psychology)

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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