Document Detail


Return to work after spinal cord injury: the potential contribution of physical fitness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1522998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The history, physical characteristics and fitness status of 60 persons who had sustained a spinal cord injury at least 3 years previously were considered in relation to current occupation. All subjects had completed their education, 39 being gainfully employed and 21 unemployed. The general characteristics of the sample, mainly beneficiaries of the Quebec Automobile Insurance Plan, were typical of spinal cord injured individuals in North America. The working group had a significantly higher current level of education than those who were unemployed (p less than .01). In terms of physical fitness, the workers were lighter, with a lower body mass index and a higher aerobic power (p less than .05). Isokinetic testing suggested a trend toward a higher peak torque in the workers. The total work performed (Nm.kg-1) during an isokinetic endurance test (25 biphasic contraction at 180 degrees.sec-1) was significantly higher in the workers, suggesting that such muscular endurance might be even more useful than greater peak isokinetic strength during vocational activities. However, the likelihood of employment was unrelated to habitual patterns of either aerobic exercise or overall physical activity. No significant differences of physical fitness or physical activity habits were found between workers holding sedentary versus physically demanding jobs. The results verified the positive relationship between physical fitness (body composition, aerobic power, muscular endurance) and the gainful employment of paraplegics, but failed to show any significant relationship between physical fitness and the acceptance of physically demanding work by such individuals.
Authors:
L Noreau; R J Shephard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paraplegia     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0031-1758     ISO Abbreviation:  Paraplegia     Publication Date:  1992 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-10-15     Completed Date:  1992-10-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985038R     Medline TA:  Paraplegia     Country:  SCOTLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  563-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Adapted Physical Activity Evaluation Laboratory, Centre François-Charon, Quebec City, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Body Composition
Body Weight
Employment*
Ergometry
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Physical Fitness*
Quebec
Respiratory Function Tests
Spinal Cord Injuries / physiopathology,  psychology,  rehabilitation*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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