Document Detail

Retrospective survey of Chikungunya disease in Réunion Island hospital staff.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17433130     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Réunion Island (Indian Ocean) has been suffering from its first known Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) epidemic since February 2005. To achieve a better understanding of the disease, a questionnaire was drawn up for hospital staff members and their household. CHIKV infected about one-third of the studied population, the proportion increasing with age and being higher in women. Presence of a garden was associated with CHIKV infection. The geographical distribution of cases was concordant with insect vector Aedes albopictus distribution. The main clinical signs were arthralgia and fever. The disease evolved towards full recovery in 34.4% of cases, a relapse in 55.6%, or a chronic form in 10%. Paracetamol was used as a painkiller in 95% of cases, sometimes associated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticoids, or traditional herbal medicine. The survey provided valuable information on the factors that favour transmission, the clinical signs, the importance of relapses and the therapies used.
F Staikowsky; K Le Roux; I Schuffenecker; P Laurent; P Grivard; A Develay; A Michault
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-04-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology and infection     Volume:  136     ISSN:  0950-2688     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiol. Infect.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-09     Completed Date:  2008-03-13     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703737     Medline TA:  Epidemiol Infect     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  196-206     Citation Subset:  IM    
Service des Urgences, Groupe Hospitalier Sud Réunion, La Réunion, France.
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MeSH Terms
Acetaminophen / therapeutic use
Age Factors
Alphavirus Infections / drug therapy,  epidemiology*,  physiopathology,  virology*
Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
Chikungunya virus / isolation & purification*
Disease Vectors
Health Personnel*
Middle Aged
Plants, Medicinal
Retrospective Studies
Reunion / epidemiology
Sex Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 103-90-2/Acetaminophen

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