Document Detail

Retrospective study of congenital heart defects in 151 dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9097239     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The case records of 151 dogs diagnosed with congenital heart disease were reviewed retrospectively. The most common defect was aortic stenosis, accounting for 35 per cent of all cases, followed by pulmonic stenosis (20 per cent), ventricular septal defect (12 per cent), patent ductus arteriosus (11 per cent), mitral valve dysplasia (8 per cent), tricuspid valve dysplasia (7 per cent), endocardial fibroelastosis (1.9 per cent) and tetralogy of Fallot (0.6 per cent). Fifty-one breeds were represented, with golden retrievers, German shepherd dogs and boxers predominating. No overall sex predilection was obvious. Seventy-five per cent of the dogs were asymptomatic at presentation. The defects most often associated with presenting symptoms, such as dyspnoea, syncope, ascites, failure to grow and depression, were mitral valve dysplasia, atrial septal defect, tricuspid valve dysplasia and endocardial fibroelastosis. The latter presented with the most severe signs of heart failure. In some cases of aortic stenosis and pulmonic stenosis, where the defect could not be accurately visualised with two-dimensional echocardiography, Doppler echocardiographic examination was needed for definitive diagnosis.
A Tidholm
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of small animal practice     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0022-4510     ISO Abbreviation:  J Small Anim Pract     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-06-19     Completed Date:  1997-06-19     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0165053     Medline TA:  J Small Anim Pract     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  94-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Albano Animal Hospital of Stockholm, Danderyd, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Valve Stenosis / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary
Dog Diseases / epidemiology*,  genetics,  pathology
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary
Echocardiography / methods,  veterinary
Endocardial Fibroelastosis / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary
Heart Defects, Congenital / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary*
Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary
Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary
Myocardium / pathology
Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary
Retrospective Studies
Sweden / epidemiology
Tetralogy of Fallot / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / epidemiology,  genetics,  veterinary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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