Document Detail


Retrospective study of 156 atrial septal defects in dogs and cats (2001-2005).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16629951     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common congenital heart disease (CHD) in humans, but considered relatively rare in veterinary medicine. However, modern echocardiographic and Doppler techniques currently offer a good view of the morphology of the interatrial septum, thus facilitating earlier detection of ASD in awake animals. In this context, we carried out a retrospective study of cases of recently diagnosed ASD in dogs and cats at the Cardiology Unit of Alfort (2001-2005) using echocardiography combined with colour Doppler mode. ASD was diagnosed in 156 animals and represented 37.7% of all canine and feline CHDs (n = 414). ASD was the most common CHD after mitral dysplasia in both species. Boxer and Domestic shorthair were the most common canine and feline breeds affected. Most defects (98.7%) were secundum-type ASD, without clinical signs in 73.7% of cases. The most common clinical signs included systolic murmur heard over the left heart base (20.2%), exercise intolerance (7.0%), syncope (5.3%), dyspnoea (2.6%) and cough (2.6%). Animals that presented a systolic heart murmur over the left base had a significantly larger ASD than others (P < 0.05). These data suggest that the incidence of ASD is higher than previously assumed. ASD should be suspected, for example, in instances of left basal systolic heart murmur, although its clinical and haemodynamic consequences are usually minor.
Authors:
V Chetboul; V Charles; A Nicolle; C Carlos Sampedrano; V Gouni; J-L Pouchelon; R Tissier
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary medicine. A, Physiology, pathology, clinical medicine     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0931-184X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-24     Completed Date:  2006-06-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100955112     Medline TA:  J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Pharmacy-Toxicology Unit of Alfort, INSERM U660, National Veterinary School of Alfort, 7 Avenue du General de Gaulle, 94704 Maisons-Alfort Cedex, France. vchetboul@vet-alfort.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Breeding
Cat Diseases / epidemiology,  pathology,  ultrasonography*
Cats
Dog Diseases / epidemiology,  pathology,  ultrasonography*
Dogs
Echocardiography, Doppler, Color / methods,  veterinary*
Female
Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / epidemiology,  pathology,  ultrasonography,  veterinary*
Male
Retrospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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