Document Detail


Retrospective noise estimates for British nuclear workers using an alternative approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14990433     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exposure estimates were required to support an epidemiological study of occupational noise and cardiovascular disease. The study cohort consisted of male industrial workers employed at two nuclear facilities in England between 1945 and 1999 (n=2412). Historical noise exposure data were available from 6850 sound pressure measurements collected since 1965. Additional information was obtained from interviews with retired and long-term company personnel. Partly due to the lack of information provided by job title, coupled with the fact that noise behaves differently compared with chemical agents, an unusual approach was used to estimate noise exposure. Rather than grouping homogeneous exposure groups by job title or task, the assessors first used historical sampling data to estimate average area noise levels in each workplace where a survey had been performed. Noise contours were then estimated in the work area and, finally, individual estimates of exposure were further refined based on job title. Estimates were extrapolated to areas where noise surveys were not performed and adjustments were made for potential bias. Overall, noise exposure estimates ranged from 60 to 97 dBA, with a median of 86 dBA. For use in subsequent exposure-response analysis, cohort work histories were used to calculate exposure indices of cumulative, average intensity and exposure duration above 85 dBA. Validation exercises are discussed.
Authors:
Gary L Burgess; W Martin Dippnall; M Reza G Ravandi; Nicola M Cherry
Related Documents :
15083163 - Concentration-dependent tcdd elimination kinetics in humans: toxicokinetic modeling for...
10664913 - A method for bacteriocin quantification.
6376623 - Human sexuality in biological perspective: theoretical and methodological considerations.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of occupational hygiene     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0003-4878     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Occup Hyg     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-01     Completed Date:  2004-06-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203526     Medline TA:  Ann Occup Hyg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Humanities Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. gary.burgess@man.ac.uk
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
Environmental Monitoring / methods*
Humans
Male
Noise, Occupational / adverse effects*
Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
Power Plants*
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Detailed exposure assessment for a molecular epidemiology study of benzene in two shoe factories in ...
Next Document:  Skin cooling on contact with cold materials: the effect of blood flow during short-term exposures.