Document Detail

Retrospective analysis of outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital heart disease: single-centre experience from North India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19694691     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal and perinatal outcome in congenital heart disease (CHD) and to compare outcome between cyanotic and acyanotic CHD. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 196 cases of CHD was undertaken, and maternal and perinatal outcome of pregnancy was compared in cyanotic and acyanotic cases and between surgically corrected and uncorrected cases. RESULTS: Maternal and perinatal outcome was better in the acyanotic group. Maternal complications included higher incidence of cardiac complications in cyanotic group, (33.3% vs 3.4% in acyanotic group, P = 0.001), abruption (12.5% vs nil) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (16.6% vs 5.2%). Rate of prematurity (25% vs 11.6%), intrauterine growth retardation (50% vs 15.1%, P = 0.003) and abortion (4.1% vs 2.1%) was higher in cyanotic group. Mean gestational age at delivery was better in corrected group, 37.13 vs 34.93 weeks in uncorrected group. There was no case of infective endocarditis. There were four cases of maternal mortality in cyanotic group, two of which were in women with Eisenmenger syndrome. In acyanotic heart disease one case died undelivered and one died on first postoperative day. CONCLUSION: Maternal and perinatal outcome is better in acyanotic CHD compared to cyanotic CHD. Surgical correction of cardiac lesions prior to conception improves outcome.
Neelam Aggarwal; Vanita Suri; Harpreet Kaur; Seema Chopra; Meenakshi Rohila; Rajesh Vijayvergiya
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1479-828X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-21     Completed Date:  2009-11-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0001027     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  376-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology
Fetal Growth Retardation
Gestational Age
Heart Defects, Congenital / epidemiology*
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced / epidemiology
India / epidemiology
Obstetric Labor, Premature / epidemiology
Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / epidemiology*
Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology*
Retrospective Studies
Tetralogy of Fallot / epidemiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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