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Retinorecipient areas in the diurnal murine rodent Arvicanthis niloticus: A disproportionally large superior colliculus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23322547     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The Nile grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus) has a high proportion of cone photoreceptors (≈30-40%) compared to that in the common laboratory mouse and rat (≈1-3%), and may prove a preferable murine model to study cone-driven information processing in retina and primary visual centers. However, other than regions involved in circadian control, little is known on retinorecipient structures in this rodent. We undertook a detailed analysis of the retinal projections as revealed after intravitreal injection of the anterograde tracer cholera toxin subunit B. Retinal efferents were evaluated in 45 subcortical structures. Contralateral projections were always dominant. Major contralateral inputs consisted of the suprachiasmatic nucleus, dorsolateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN), intergeniculate leaflet, ventral geniculate nucleus (magnocellular part), lateroposterior thalamic nucleus, all six pretectal nuclei, superficial layers of the superior colliculus (SC) and the main nuclei of the accessory optic system. Terminals from the contralateral eye were also localized in an unnamed field rostromedial to the dLGN as well as in the subgeniculate thalamic nucleus. Ipsilateral inputs were mainly found in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, dLGN, intergeniculate leaflet, internal sector of the magnocellular part of the ventral geniculate nucleus, olivary pretectal nucleus and SC optic layer. Retinal afferents were not detected in the basal forebrain or the dorsal raphe nucleus. Morphometric measurements revealed that the superficial layers of the SC are disproportionately enlarged relative to other retinorecipient regions and brain size when compared to rats and mice. We suggest that this reflects the selective projection of cone-driven retinal ganglion cells to the SC. J. Comp. Neurol., 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Frédéric Gaillard; Harvey J Karten; Yves Sauvé
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of comparative neurology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-9861     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Comp. Neurol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0406041     Medline TA:  J Comp Neurol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Dept of Ophthalmology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
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