Document Detail

Retinopathy of prematurity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16366189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder of the retina that occurs in premature and low birth weight babies. Stages of ROP are 1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B and 5. There are three zones I, II and III. Screening is essential to detect ROP. Whom, when and how to screen ROP has been narrated in a nutshell. Once threshold ROP is detected, it is essential to treat within 72 hours. Retinal ablation of the avascular retina is done using laser photocoagulation or cryotherapy. Rush disease is primarily a zone I ROP with extraretinal proliferation. It requires aggressive laser treatment with larger number of high intensity closely applied spots to stop the progression. Surgical management is advocated in stages IVA and IVB ROP by scleral buckling. Stage V requires complex vitreoretinal surgery. It is important to promote awareness about the disease and to ensure timely management to prevent blindness.
Rajvardhan Azad; Parijat Chandra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Indian Medical Association     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0019-5847     ISO Abbreviation:  J Indian Med Assoc     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-21     Completed Date:  2006-01-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505608     Medline TA:  J Indian Med Assoc     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  370-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
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MeSH Terms
Clinical Trials as Topic
India / epidemiology
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Retinopathy of Prematurity* / classification,  diagnosis,  epidemiology,  surgery

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