Document Detail

Retinopathy of prematurity: an evaluation in the Keelung area of Taiwan over a 10-year period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15804147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: We report on the experience of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at Chang Gang Memorial Hospital (CGMH), Keelung, Taiwan over a 10-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review was made of data of all premature infants with a diagnosis of ROP at Keelung CGMH between 1994 and 2003. Data on certain characteristics including gender, gestational age (GA), birth body weight (BBW), stage of ROP, and treatment modalities were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 458 infants screened for ROP, 148 eyes of 74 premature infants were diagnosed as having ROP. Threshold ROP occurred in 24 eyes of 12 infants. The average BBW and GA were significantly lower in the threshold than in the non-threshold ROP group (p < 0.05). According to medical records of the 24 eyes of the 12 patients receiving transscleral cryotherapy, anatomical success was attained in 13 (81.3%) of 16 eyes. CONCLUSIONS: This review found low GA and BBW to be major risk factors for ROP. This review shows that transscleral cryotherapy for treating threshold ROP achieved anatomical success in about 80% of eyes. However, myopia, amblyopia, and strabismus remain major sequelae. Laser therapy is now believed to be less damaging to ocular structures and just as effective as cryotherapy in treating ROP.
Ko-Jen Yang; Chen-Hsin Tsai; Chi-Chun Lai; Chia-Shun Lu; Tun-Lu Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chang Gung medical journal     Volume:  28     ISSN:  2072-0939     ISO Abbreviation:  Chang Gung Med J     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-04     Completed Date:  2005-04-28     Revised Date:  2008-12-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088034     Medline TA:  Chang Gung Med J     Country:  China (Republic: 1949- )    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan, ROC.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Retinopathy of Prematurity / epidemiology,  etiology*,  therapy
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors

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